More Information

Implementation Studies

Public Outreach

PBD Government Webpages

Policy / Ordinances

Academic Writing


List of Cities with PBDs in Operation:

This is not an exhaustive list. This list includes cities which we have been able to confirm with our own research, but there are many more cities with PBDs and PBD-like programs around the world. As more cities adopt demand based parking management, the list continues to grow.

  • Austin, Texas
  • Bangalore, India
  • Bend, Oregon
  • Beijing, China
  • Boston, Massachusetts
  • Boulder, Colorado
  • Brookline, Massachusetts
  • Columbus, Ohio
  • El Paso, Texas
  • Eugene, Oregon
  • Hoboken, New Jersey
  • Houston, Texas
  • Mexico City, Mexico
  • Oakland, California
  • Pasadena, California
  • Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Portland, Oregon
  • Redwood City, California
  • San Diego, California
  • San Marcos, California
  • Ventura, California
  • Washington DC
  • Willemstad, Curacao


We’d like to thank the following people for their invaluable help creating this chapter. Their expertise and experiential understanding informed every aspect of this chapter, pulling it from the theoretical into reality. We truly could not have provided the level of detail or understanding on parking benefit districts without them.

  • Michael Andersen
  • Chris Armes
  • Paul Barter
  • Lindsay Bayley
  • Leah Bojo
  • Melonie Curie
  • Chris Dempsey
  • Chris DeMoville
  • Alan Durning
  • Robert Ferrin
  • John Fournier
  • Jon Hamblen
  • Allison Harnder
  • Alison Keating
  • Mike Kwan
  • Chrissy Mancini Nicols
  • Jason Redfern
  • Kathleen Rooney
  • Chris Smith
  • Jeff Stensland
  • Trisha Yamato
  • Angel York